Very simply, shot composition is the way you frame a picture. For some reason, many amateur videographers frame their subjects very widely. A wide shot showing the interview subject from head to toe can certainly serve to introduce your subject and his/her location, but it doesn't bring a quality that's desirable for a conversation, either in person or on video. That quality is intimacy.
Think about it. During most of your conversations, you're only a few feet away, at most, from the person to whom you're speaking. While you're conversing, you're looking in each other's eyes and reading facial expressions. These visual cues, in addition to the content of the conversation, draw you in and help maintain your interest. You should strive to provide viewers of your video interviews with this same "up close and personal" experience.
Here are some tips for composing a more intimate interview:
- No wide shots, please. The widest you should frame your subject is from the waist up.
- Change your shots. At the beginning of the interview, pick three focal lengths - medium (from the waist up); medium close up (from the chest up); and close up (from the neck up). Switch between these shots while you ask your questions to give your interview some much needed visual variety.
- Place your camera lens at your subject's eye level. Unless you're going for some kind of special effect, don't place your camera too high or too low in relation to your subject. Remember, when we're seated we're all at about the same eye level. It's more natural when you frame your shot this way.
- Don't try to do it all. If you're the interviewer, get someone else to run the camera. This way, you can focus on the content of the interview while someone else pays attention to the composition. It's very tough to do both things at once.